Bridger Canyon is surrounded on both the West, and the East by National Forest land.
Specifically, The Forest Service land located in the Bridger Canyon area is part of the Gallatin National Forest. Gallatin National Forest borders Yellowstone National Park on the north and northwest and is part of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, a region which encompasses almost 20,000,000 acres (81,000 km2). The forest is named after Albert Gallatin (1761–1849), U.S. Secretary of the Treasury and scholar of Native American languages and cultures.
The largest area of Bridger Canyon National Forest land is anchored by the Bridger Mountain range erupting to the west of Bridger Canyon. The smaller area of National Forest Service land is centered around the Bangtail Range rolling up on the east side of Bridger Canyon.